2006 Qana airstrike
The 2006 Qana airstrike was launched by the Israel Air Force (IAF) on the South Lebanese village of Qana, on 30 July 2006, during the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict.  The attack is blamed for the collapse of a three-story building onto its bomb shelter, where at least 63 people were reported to be hiding. Most media reports from July 30 have indicated the casualties to be more than 50, including 37 children, though a Human Rights Watch report of August 2 cites a lower figure of 28, including 19 children, with a possible 13 buried under the rubble. IDF claimed that the airstrike was in response to over 150 Katyusha rockets fired from the village into Israel in a two week period. The event was reminiscent of the 1996 shelling of Qana in which over 100 civilians were killed a decade earlier.